Including a routine comprehensive cleaning, or prophylaxis, as part of your dental health care helps prevent gum disease, such as gingivitis and periodontitis. Cleaning typically includes removing plaque and calculus from teeth above the gum line (scaling), and below the gum line (root planing).
First, debris is removed on and around the teeth with compressed air, water, floss and bacterial mouth rinses. Scalers and planers are then used to manually scrape plaque and calculus from each tooth. Next, teeth are polished with mild abrasive paste. Polishing removes stains and keeps plaque from sticking to smooth tooth surfaces.
Gingivitis—an inflammation of the gums with some redness or swelling—requires scaling, perhaps with topical anesthetic to numb the gum’s surface nerve endings, or gel applied to teeth to soften calculus and make scaling easier and less painful.
Both root planing and scaling are required for periodontitis, which occurs when infection spreads to underlying bone and gums pull away from the teeth. An injection of lidocaine helps deaden nerves deep within the gum.
If you are looking for a dentist in the Troy area who utilizes the latest dental techniques and technology, be sure to check out Dr. Douglas Angell. Angell’s Dentistry is committed to providing each of our patients with a beautiful, healthy smile and unmatched dental care. Give our office a call at (248) 362-4330 and be sure to visit our website at: www.angellsdentistry.com.